Ankle pain is a common condition that can affect anyone, and there are many possible causes for it. Ankle pain may be the result of acute or chronic injuries, systemic health conditions, biomechanical issues, or lifestyle factors.
Common ankle injuries include strains, sprains, fractures, and Achilles tendinitis. People who are physically active and frequently participate in activities like running and jumping, which can put excess stress on the ankle, are often afflicted with ankle injuries.
Various systemic health conditions can also cause ankle pain. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis both affect joints throughout the body, including the ankle joints, and can cause stiffness, soreness, and pain. Diabetes, peripheral neuropathy, and poor circulation can lead to a loss of sensation in the lower limbs, wounds and infections, and painful leg cramps.
Biomechanical issues, such as having an abnormal gait due to flat feet or high arches, may cause foot and ankle pain. Lifestyle factors, like your diet and the types of shoes you wear, can also affect your ankle health. Those who are overweight or obese regularly put excess strain on their ankles, causing ankle pain. Wearing the wrong shoes may also lead to ankle instability and injury. If you find yourself dealing with ankle pain, a podiatrist can help diagnose and treat your condition.